In the case of air transport, the chargeable weight of the cargo is based on the volumetric weight, actual or positional, whichever is greater. Air freight costs are determined by multiplying the carrier's rates by the weight (real or volumetric) or weight (positional) of the unit loading device (ULD) established by the airlines. In road freight transport, the volume (cubic meters) is multiplied by a standard multiple (usually 333 kg) to obtain the volumetric weight. The cost is then calculated on a sliding scale of fixed rates and will depend on the fare category to which the actual weight and the volumetric weight belong.
When it comes to air freight shipments, understanding how to calculate the chargeable weight is essential for a successful operation. The chargeable weight is the weight used by the airline to determine the cost of shipping. It can be either the volumetric weight or the gross weight, whichever is greater. The gross weight encompasses the total weight of the cargo, including any packaging or containers used.
Airlines usually set their gross weight limit between 100 and 500 kg per package. However, some airlines may allow exceptions, allowing you to carry items that exceed this limit. To do this, you should check with the airlines and find out about any restrictions at both points of origin and destination. To calculate the volumetric weight of air transport, it is necessary to ensure that all lengths are converted to meters and all volumes to cubic meters.
The billable weight of air cargo shipments is calculated as either the actual weight (gross weight) or volumetric weight (also called volume or dimension) of the shipment, whichever is greater. The volumetric weight of air transport, or dimensional weight, is an estimated weight value that is based on the length, width, and height of the package. It is a theoretical weight that is calculated using a minimum cubic air conversion factor (16) chosen by the carrier. For example, if you have a shipment with a gross weight of 200 kg and a volumetric weight of 150 kg, then your chargeable weight will be 200 kg since it is greater than 150 kg.
Weight restrictions for air travel may vary depending on both the airline or cargo carrier you choose as well as on the specific aircraft in question. The chargeable weight is a balance point where both actual and volumetric weights are balanced for the airline. If however, the actual weight of your cargo exceeds this “breakeven point” then air freight charges will be billed on that actual weight. To ensure a seamless air travel experience, consider collaborating with an experienced freight forwarder at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) or at your destination of choice.
Remember that understanding and meeting both size and weight limitations are critical for successful air cargo operations. If you have any questions during this process don't hesitate to ask questions or seek guidance to ensure a smooth and successful air cargo journey.