LTL (Less Than Truckload) is a transport system that moves smaller shipments, mainly palletized, from their origin to their destination along a specific route. This route is known as the Hub and Spoke model, and it has the advantage of allowing carriers to pay only for the part of the truck that carries their load, while the rest is paid by other carriers. The downside of this type of transport is that shipments may have to make multiple stops and transfers along the way, which can lead to longer shipping times and potential damage to the cargo. The TSA (Transportation Security Administration) has implemented a Known Shippers Program for both domestic and foreign airlines, as outlined in § 1544 239. This program applies to aircraft operators, foreign airlines, and IAC (International Air Cargo) employees and agents who are authorized to handle air cargo in the performance of their duties. Indirect airlines may also submit a joint proposal for a change in their name and that of other indirect airlines. The increasing popularity of air travel has made it more comfortable and economical for freight shipments, as they are often accompanied by passenger planes.
At the terminal or export point designated by the airline, cargo must be loaded onto the aircraft or delivered into the custody of the airline (if only the airline is responsible for loading).Air cargo shipments can also be transferred for transit from one port to another within the EU. The documents required for this include a universal air waybill recognized and accepted by IATA (International Air Transport Association), legible information written in English, a description of the material according to current classification or freight rate (or government tariff offer), master air waybill number and corresponding House of Representatives air waybill number (M) (a), and a Transport Control Document (TCMD) sent to the competent air or maritime traffic control authority. Cargo arriving at an airport with a complete cargo program must be consolidated or inspected according to DoD (Department of Defense) requirements. It must also be accompanied by all necessary ACAS (Air Cargo Advance Screening) data, which must be disclosed and submitted to an eligible ACAS declarant. Any other entity not meeting these requirements will not be allowed access to restricted areas. As air travel has become increasingly advanced and reliable, more companies are relying on aircraft with high-value cargo and merchandise.
However, there are certain limitations on air freight shipments that must be taken into account when planning your shipment.